SAREF4INMA: an extension of SAREF for the industry and manufacturing domain

Latest version:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/
Permanent IRI for this version (v1.1.2)
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/v1.1.2/
ETSI Technical Specification
https://saref.etsi.org/sources/saref4inma/
Publication Date
2019-04-30
Last Modification Date
2019-04-30
Creators
Contributors
Ontology requirements and tests
requirements and tests
Prefix and namespace declaration:
Turtle: @prefix s4inma: <https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/> .
SPARQL: PREFIX s4inma: <https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/>
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Abstract

SAREF4INMA is an OWL-DL ontology that extends SAREF with 24 classes (in addition to a number of classes directly reused from the SAREF ontology and the SAREF4BLDG extension), 20 object properties (in addition to a number of object properties reused from the SAREF ontology and the SAREF4BLDG extension) and 11 data type properties. SAREF4INMA focuses on extending SAREF for the industry and manufacturing domain to solve the lack of interoperability between various types of production equipment that produce items in a factory and, once outside the factory, between different organizations in the value chain to uniquely track back the produced items to the corresponding production equipment, batches, material and precise time in which they were manufactured.

The full list of use cases, standards and requirements that guided the creation of SAREF4INMA are described in the associated ETSI TR 103 507 [i.2]. The "zero defect manufacturing" use case has been used as basis for the creation of SAREF4INMA in the present document. This use case is concerned with improving the manufacturing process in terms of flexibility to timely change from one manufactured product to another, generating as little yield loss as possible. Also the "smart services for product in use" and "smart product lifecycle" use cases are acknowledged in the associated ETSI TR 103 507 [i.2] as especially relevant for SAREF4INMA, as they pose semantic interoperability issues for, respectively:

  1. the manufacturing companies that remain responsible for the proper functioning of a product during its entire lifecycle, also when the product has left the factory; and
  2. the various, interacting parties involved in the value chain (e.g. manufacturer, user, servicing organization, parts supplier, etc.) that need to refer to a common digital footprint of a product to allow for its management during its entire lifecycle.

Note that SAREF4INMA specified in the present document provides a first SAREF extension for the industry and manufacturing domain, based on the (limited set of) use cases mentioned above and an initial list of standards for digitalization, communication, engineering and life-cycle, covering relevant concepts such as factory, production equipment, item, material and batch, as described in ETSI TR 103 507 [i.2]. However, as all the SAREF ontologies, SAREF4INMA is a dynamic semantic model that should be used, validated and improved over time with and by the stakeholders in the industry and manufacturing domain in an iterative and interactive manner to accommodate more use cases, standards and generate new requirements as needed.

The prefixes and namespaces used in SAREF4INMA and in the present document are listed in the Namespace Declarations section

Introduction

General Overview

An overview of the SAREF4INMA ontology is provided in Figure 1, where rectangles containing an orange circle are used to denote classes created in SAREF4INMA, while rectangles containing a green circle denote classes reused from other ontologies, such as SAREF or SAREF4BLDG. For all the entities described in the present document, it is indicated whether they are defined in the SAREF4INMA extension or elsewhere by the prefix included before their identifier, i.e. if the element is defined in SAREF4INMA the prefix is s4inma, while if the element is reused from another ontology it is indicated by a prefix according to Table 1 (e.g. saref refers to SAREF and s4bldg refers to SAREF for building).

Arrows with white triangles on top represent the rdfs:subClassOf relation between two classes. The origin of the arrow is the class to be declared as subclass of the class at the destination of the arrow.

Directed arrows are used represent properties between classes.

Note that Figure 1 aims at showing a global overview of the main classes of SAREF4INMA and their mutual relations.

SAREF4INMA Overview
Figure 1: Overview of the SAREF4INMA ontology

Item and Batch

This clause focuses on the classes of SAREF4INMA that describe an item produced in a factory. The classes of interest, which are s4inma:Item, s4inma:ItemCategory, s4inma:MaterialCategory, s4inma:Batch, s4inma:ItemBatch, s4inma:MaterialBatch and s4inma:ID, are shown in Figure 3.

An Item is a tangible object that represents either the goods produced by an organization's production process or individually traced supplies (i.e. sub-assemblies of supplies). An item can be individually traced using an ID. SAREF4INMA allows to use several types of IDs, such as the Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) defined by GS1 (https://www.gs1.org/), used by organizations to uniquely identify their trade items as products or services that are priced, ordered or invoiced at any point in the supply chain. There are four GTIN formats (GTIN-8, GTIN-12, GTIN 13, GTIN-14) and SAREF4INMA defines classes and properties for each of them. SAREF4INMA defines also classes and properties to associate items to the International Registration Data Identifier (IRDI), which is based on the international standards ISO/IEC 11179-6 [i.4], ISO 29002 [i.5] and ISO 6532 [i.6]. An example of relevant standard that uses IRDIs is the eCl@ss specification (https://www.eclass.eu/en/) for grouping materials, products and services. Other types of IDs are defined in SAREF4INMA, such as the Universally Unique Identifier (UUID), or can be further defined ad-hoc by the ontology users by creating new classes as subclasses of the s4inma:ID class.

An Item can recursively consist of other items (e.g. a shaver consists of a shaver head, motor and body) and can be the feature of interest of a measurement (e.g. a shaver can be the feature of interest of a temperature measurement made by a welding machine used to join different parts in the production of the shaver). An item is created exactly in one ItemBatch, which describes a uniform collection of items produced at a certain time using a certain production equipment. An ItemBatch consists of a set of items with similar properties (e.g. a certain brand and model of sensors made using a certain production line). An ItemBatch is a specialization of the more general Batch, which can be further specialized in a MaterialBatch. The difference between ItemBatch and MaterialBatch is that individual items can be traced in an ItemBatch (e.g. it is possible to trace an individual metal sheet in an ItemBatch), whereas it is not possible to exactly trace material in a MaterialBatch, (e.g. it is not possible to trace the exact piece of raw plastic material from a MaterialBatch, as the raw plastic is a volume, not identifiable in a specific sheet like in the case of metal sheets).

Material batches can be equipped with quality certificates, such as the BS EN 10204:2004 [i.7] category 3.1 steel quality certificate (https://standardsdevelopment.bsigroup.com). These certificates provide additional information about the material in the batch. Furthermore, MaterialBatches belong to some MaterialCategory, which describes a certain type of material (e.g. a certain type of steel sheets). Analogously, item batches belong to some ItemCategory, which describes a single type of Items (e.g. a certain type of sensor). An ItemCategory is in turn produced by some ProductionEquipmentCategory. The essential properties of each Item in all ItemBatches are the same. However, each ItemBatch might use different MaterialBatches and/or different ProductionEquipment. Therefore, small deviations between batches might occur, while the essential properties of all Items related to an ItemCategory are similar. Finally, the time that a batch is produced can be recorded using the time:hasBeginning and time:hasEnd properties.

Item, Batch and related classes
Figure 2: Item, Batch and related classes

Production Equipment and Factory

This clause focuses on the classes that describe how a production equipment is organized and how it can exchange information within the factory. The classes of interest are: s4inma:ProductionEquipment,s4inma:ProductionEquipmentCategory,s4inma:WorkCenter, s4inma:Area, s4inma:Site, and s4inma:Factory, and are shown in Figure 4.

Production Equipment, Factory and related classes
Figure 3: Production Equipment, Factory and related classes

A ProductionEquipmentCategory describes the kind of production equipment required for producing a certain item, i.e. a category of machine. An organization might have multiple instances of the same category of machines. Each individual machine is represented by a ProductionEquipment, which is a subclass of saref:Device, which is in turn a subclass of s4bldg:PhysicalObject. The latter is part of the SAREF for Building extension [i.3], which defines the saref:Device class as a subclass of the more general s4bldg:PhysicalObject class, following a pattern that allows to locate devices within the building. Analogously, SAREF4INMA reuses the same pattern to locate a production equipment in the factory.

In order to locate the ProductionEquipment, a factory layout can be created. A factory is represented by the s4inma:Factory class (which is subclass of the s4bldg:Building class) and can be further divided into smaller spaces using the s4bldg:BuildingSpace class. For the scope of SAREF4INMA, two types of BuildingSpaces are defined, namely Site and Area. A Factory can be further divided in sites, which according to IEC 62264 [i.11] are identified physical, geographical, and/or logical component groupings of a manufacturing enterprise. A Site can be divided in areas which are defined by IEC 62264 [i.11] as physical, geographical or logical groupings of resources determined by the site. An Area contains one or multiple work centers, which are a subclass of the s4inma:ProductionEquipment class and are defined according to IEC 62264 [i.11] as equipment elements under an area in a role-based equipment hierarchy that performs production, storage or material movement.

Note that as a subclass of saref:Device, a production equipment in SAREF4INMA inherits all the properties of devices defined in SAREF. This includes the possibility to associate a device (and therefore a production equipment) with a number of functions. For the purpose of SAREF4INMA, a new class of functions is created, namely the s4inma:ProductionEquipmentFunction class, which can be populated with subclasses that describe relevant functions, depending on the use case under consideration.

Measurement

An important aspect of SAREF4INMA is the ability to trace back production process measurements to individual items or batches. The modelling of measurements in SAREF4INMA totally relies on the measurement model proposed in SAREF. This modelling include the saref:FeatureOfInterest class that provides the means to refer to the real world phenomena that is being observed in the given measurement (e.g. a shaver is an item resulting from a certain production process and it can be defined as the feature of interest of a temperature measurement made by a welding machine used to join different parts in the production of the shaver). The reader shall refer to the SAREF specification for details about the modelling of measurements. The following properties are reused in SAREF4INMA to complete the model of measurements:

Note that the present document includes details only for the new concepts created in SAREF4INMA, such as the s4inma:Measurement class. The classes of interest for measurements are shown in Figure 5.

The s4inma:Measurement class is defined as a subclass of the more general saref:Measurement class. The s4inma:Measurement class is further specialized in the s4inma:ActualMeasurement and s4inma:ExpectedMeasurement classes to describe whether a certain measurement is planned (i.e. expected) or is actually measured during the production process (i.e. actual measurement). This enables the calculation of deviations between planned and actual production process measurements.

As a saref:Device can recursively consists of devices, a ProductionEquipment in SAREF4INMA can also consist of other devices, such sensors and actuators. A device (e.g. production equipment and its sensors) can make measurements. These measurements can be related to a specific s4inma:Batch or s4inma:Item (which are both subclasses of the saref:FeatureOfInterest class) via thehasFeatureOfInterest relation. Moreover, according to the measurement model in SAREF, measurements are related to the property they observe (e.g. welding temperature) and its unit of measure (e.g. degrees Celsius).

Measurement
Figure 4: Measurement

Namespace Declarations

default namespace:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/
s4inma:
https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/
owl:
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
rdf:
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
xml:
http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace
xsd:
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#
rdfs:
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
vann:
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/

Classes

Actual measurement back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ActualMeasurement

Describes whether the measurement is actually measured during the production process. Disjoint with ExpectedMeasurement.

has super-classes
s4inma:Measurementc
is disjoint with
s4inma:ExpectedMeasurementc

Area back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Area

A subclass of s4bldg:BuildingSpace used to define the physical spaces of the building. According to IEC 62264, areas are physical, geographical or logical groupings of resources determined by the site. A site can be divided in areas, whereas areas contain work centers.s.

Batch back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Batch

A uniform collection of tangible objects or Lot. This can either be a collection of produced items (i.e. the outflow of products) or a collection of raw material or required material (i.e. the inflow of products). It is assumed that the objects in a batch are similar and thus have shared attributes. Note that this definition is broader than the definition in IEC 61512, which defines a batch as the material that is being produced (whereas in SAREF4INMA a batch can be items or materials).

Expected measurement back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ExpectedMeasurement

Describes whether the measurement is expected (i.e., planned before the production process). Disjoint with ActualMeasurement.

has super-classes
s4inma:Measurementc
is disjoint with
s4inma:ActualMeasurementc

Factory back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Factory

A subclass of s4bldg:Building specialized for the purpose of SAREF4INMA, a factory represents one or more organizations sharing a definit mission, goals and objectives which provides an output such as a product (definition taken from IEC 62264). A factory can be divided in one or multiple sites.

GTIN12ID back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/GTIN12ID

GTIN-12 (UPC-A) is a 12-digit number used primarily in North America

has super-classes
s4inma:IDc
is in range of
s4inma:hasGTIN12IDc

GTIN13ID back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/GTIN13ID

GTIN-13 (EAN/UCC-13) is a 13-digit number used predominately outside of North America

has super-classes
s4inma:IDc
is in range of
s4inma:hasGTIN13IDc

GTIN14ID back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/GTIN14ID

GTIN-14 (EAN/UCC-14 or ITF-14 or also known as ITF Symbol, SCC-14, DUN-14, UPC Case Code, UPC Shipping Container Code, UCC Code 128, EAN Code 128) is a 14-digit number used to identify trade items at various packaging levels.

has super-classes
s4inma:IDc
is in range of
s4inma:hasGTIN14IDc

GTIN18ID back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/GTIN8ID

GTIN-8 (EAN/UCC-8) is an 8-digit number used predominately outside of North America.

has super-classes
s4inma:IDc
is in range of
s4inma:hasGTIN8IDc

Identifier back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ID

A unique identifier.

IRDI back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/IRDI

International Registration Data Identifier (IRDI) is based on the international standards ISO/IEC 11179-6, ISO 29002 and ISO 6532 and used in eCl@ss and the Asset Administration Shell as unique identifier.

has super-classes
s4inma:IDc
is in range of
s4inma:hasIRDIc

Item back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Item

A tangible object which can be unique identified, for example, with a GTIN in the form of a barcode/QR/RFID tag. An item product can be the result of the organization's production process (i.e. outflow of objects/goods) or can be uniquely identifiable material (i.e. inflow of objects/supplies). Each item is part of exactly one ItemBatch, whereas each ItemBatch contains only Items which have similar properties. An item can consists of multiple Batches and other Items (i.e. subassemblies).

Item Batch back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ItemBatch

A uniform collection of tangible objects which are relevant for the prodcution process. The ItemBatch consists of a set of objects with similar properties (e.g. a certain type of sensors or metal sheets). The difference between ItemBatch and MaterialBatch is that individual items can be traced in a ItemBatch, whereas this is not possible in a MaterialBatch, meaning that, for example, it is possible to trace the individual metal sheet used in a ItemBatch. This implies that the objects in an ItemBatch have an unique identifier (e.g. a GTIN code in the form of a barcode/QR-code or RFID tag).

Item category back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ItemCategory

An ItemCategory describes a single type of item in terms of its static properties. Each ItemCategory can have multiple related ItemBatches, which all contain individual Items. The essential properties of each Item in all ItemBatches are the same. However, each batch might use different MaterialBatches and/or different ProductionEquipment. Therefore, small deviations between batches might occur, while the essential properties of all Items related to an ItemCategory are similar.

Material Batch back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/MaterialBatch

A uniform collection of tangible raw material which are relevant for the prodcution process. The MaterialBatch can consists of a set of objects with similar properties (e.g. a certain type of screws) or a stock of homogeen material (e.g. oil, water). The difference between MaterialBatch and ItemBatch is that individual items cannot be traced in a MaterialBatch, whereas this is possible in an ItemBatch, meaning that, for example, it is not possible to trace the individual screw used in a MaterialBatch.

Material category back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/MaterialCategory

A MaterialCategory describes a category of material in terms of its static properties. Examples are: a certain category of steel or plastic. Each MaterialCategory can have multiple related MaterialBatches, which represent the physical material. The essential properties of the material in all MaterialBatches are the same. However, each batch might use different MaterialBatches and/or different ProductionEquipment. Therefore, small deviations between batches might occur, while the essential properties of the material related to an MaterialCategory are similar.

has super-classes
s4inma:isCategoryOfop only s4inma:MaterialBatchc

Measurement back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Measurement

A subclass of saref:Measurement that represents the measured value made over a property. It is also linked to the unit of measure in which the value is expressed and the timestamp of the measurement. The saref4imna:Measurement can be linked to individual Batches or Items. Moreover, the Measurement can be an ExpectedMeasurement (i.e. the value which is planned) or the ActualMeasurement (i.e. the value measured during production), which enables to check for deviations between the planned and actual values.

ProductionEquipment back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ProductionEquipment

A production equipment is a specialization of a saref:Device and s4bldg:PhysicalObject that can produce items in a manufacturing process. This class represents an individual production equipment device and includes their specification in terms of functions, states and services. Different types of machines can be defined under this class as needed, for example, LaserCuttingMachine (i.e., a type of production equipment to cut steel material), MillingMachine (i.e., to drill holes in steel material), MouldingMachine (i.e., to mold liquid material, such as iron or plastic, and let it harden in a certain shape), WeldingMachine (i.e., join parts of material, such as steel, together), etc.

Production equipment category back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ProductionEquipmentCategory

A ProductionEquipmentCategory represents a certain type of production equipment, which is generally static over time. More concretely, the ProductionEquipmentCategory represents a certain model and brand of a production equipment. Each ProductionEquipmentCategory can have multiple related ProductionEquipment, which represent the actual individual machines. Moreover, each ItemCategory can be produced by multiple ProductionEquipmentCategories.

Production equipment function back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/ProductionEquipmentFunction

Functionallity neccessary to accomplish the task for which a production equipment is designed.

Site back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Site

A subclass of s4bldg:BuildingSpace used to define the physical spaces of the building. According to IEC 62264, sites are identified physical, geographical, and/or logical component groupings of a manufacturing enterprise. A factory can be divided in sites, whereas sites can be divided areas

Size back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/Size

The amount of certain objects in a collection (e.g., size of a material batch).

UUID back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/UUID

A universally unique identifier (UUID) is a 128-bit number used to identify items and is also known as: globally unique identifier (GUID). In its canonical textual representation, the sixteen octets of a UUID are represented as 32 hexadecimal (base 16) digits, displayed in five groups separated by hyphens, in the form 8-4-4-4-12 for a total of 36 characters (32 alphanumeric characters and four hyphens). UUID are documented in ISO/IEC 11578:1996 "Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – Remote Procedure Call (RPC)" and in ITU-T Rec. X.667
ISO/IEC 9834-8:2005.

has super-classes
s4inma:IDc
is in range of
s4inma:hasUUIDc

Work center back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/WorkCenter

A subclass of s4inma:ProductionEquipment (and therefore of s4bld:PhysicalObject). It is an equipment element under an area in a role-based equipment hierarchy that performs production, storage or material movement (definition taken from IEC 62264). An Area contains work centers.

has super-classes
s4inma:ProductionEquipmentc

Object Properties

belongs to category back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/belongsToCategory

Link between an entity and its category

is inverse of
s4inma:isCategoryOfop

consists of batch back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/consistsOfBatch

A relation to express that a batch can recursively consists of other batches

consists of item back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/consistsOfItem

A relation to express that an item can recursively consists of other Items

creates back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/creates

A relation between a production process (e.g., Batch) that creates one or more tangible objects (e.g., Items)

is inverse of
s4inma:isCreatedInop

has feature of interest back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasFeatureOfInterest

Relationship between a feature of interest and equipment

has GTIN12ID back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN12ID

A relationship determining the GTIN-12 identifier

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIdentifierop
has range
s4inma:GTIN12IDc

has GTIN13ID back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN13ID

A relationship determining the GTIN-13 identifier

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIdentifierop
has range
s4inma:GTIN13IDc

has GTIN14ID back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN14ID

A relationship determining the GTIN-14 identifier

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIdentifierop
has range
s4inma:GTIN14IDc

has GTIN8ID back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN8ID

A relationship determining the GTIN-8 identifier

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIdentifierop
has range
s4inma:GTIN8IDc

has IRDI back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasIRDI

A relationship determining the International Registration Data Identifier (IRDI)

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIdentifierop
has range
s4inma:IRDIc

has identifier back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasIdentifier

link between an entity and its unique identifier

has size back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasSize

A relationship to count the amount of certain objects in a collection (e.g., size of a material batch)

has UUID back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasUUID

A relationship determining the Universally Unique Identifier (UUID)

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIdentifierop
has range
s4inma:UUIDc

has update back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasUpdate

The newer version of a ItemCategory.

is category of back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/isCategoryOf

Link between a category and its associated entity

is inverse of
s4inma:belongsToCategoryop

is created in back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/isCreatedIn

An Item is created in an ItemBatch.

is inverse of
s4inma:createsop

is feature of interest of back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/isFeatureOfInterestOf

Relationship between a feature of interest and equipment

is produced by back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/isProducedBy

Items are produced using certain types of ProductionEquipmentCategories, for example: welding machines or laser cutting machines.

is inverse of
s4inma:producesop

needs equipment back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/needsEquipment

A relationship indicating that an entity needs a particular equipment to be produced

produces back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/produces

ProductionEquipmentCategory, such as welding machines or laser cutting machines, produce certain categories of items (inverse of s4inma:isProducedBy)

is inverse of
s4inma:isProducedByop

Data Properties

has certificate back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasCertificate

The MaterialBatch can contain material quality certificates, for example a NEN 10204:2004 3.1 steel certificate.

has range
xsd:string

has GTIN12ID value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN12IDValue

A relation to express the value of an GTIN12 as a string

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIDValuedp
has range
xsd:string

has GTIN13ID value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN13IDValue

A relation to express the value of an GTIN13 as a string

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIDValuedp
has range
xsd:string

has GTIN14ID value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN14IDValue

A relation to express the value of an GTIN14 as a string

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIDValuedp
has range
xsd:string

has GTIN8ID value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasGTIN8IDValue

A relation to express the value of an GTIN8 as a string

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIDValuedp
has range
xsd:string

has identifier value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasIDValue

A relation to express the value of an indentifier as a string (it can be used as alternative to or in combination with the s4inma:hasIdentifier object property

has IRDI value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasIRDIValue

A relation to express the value of an IRDI as a string

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIDValuedp
has range
xsd:string

has model number back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasModelNumber

A relation to express the model number of a certain object (item, product, equipment, etc.)

has serial number back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasSerialNumber

A relation to describe the serial number of a certain Item, which is unique per Item.

has UUID value back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasUUIDValue

A relation to express the value of an UUID as a string

has super-properties
s4inma:hasIDValuedp
has range
xsd:string

has version back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://saref.etsi.org/saref4inma/hasVersion

An item has a certain revision or version number, whereas a higher number indicates a newer version.

Named Individuals

References

Normative references

  • [1] ETSI TS 103 264 (V3.1.1) (02-2020): "SmartM2M; Smart Applications; Reference Ontology and oneM2M Mapping".

Informative references

  • [i.1] ETSI TR 103 411 (V1.1.1) (02-2017): "SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; SAREF extension investigation".
  • [i.2] ETSI TR 103 507 (V1.1.1) (10-2018): "SmartM2M; SAREF extension investigation; Requirements for industry and manufacturing domains".
  • [i.3] ETSI TS 103 410-3 (V1.1.2): "SmartM2M; Extension to SAREF; Part 3: Building Domain".
  • [i.4] ISO/IEC 11179-6: "Information technology -- Metadata registries (MDR) -- Part 6: Registration".
  • [i.5] ISO 29002 (all parts): "Industrial automation systems and integration -- Exchange of characteristic data".
  • [i.6] ISO 6532: "Portable chain-saws -- Technical data".
  • [i.7] BS EN 10204 (2004): "Metallic products -- Types of inspection documents".
  • [i.8] IEC 61512 (all parts): "Batch control".
  • [i.9] ISO/IEC 11578:1996: "Information technology -- Open Systems Interconnection -- Remote Procedure Call (RPC)".
  • [i.10] Recommendation ITU-T X.667/ISO/IEC 9834-8:2005: "Information technology -- Procedures for the operation of object identifier registration authorities: Generation of universally unique identifiers and their use in object identifiers".
  • [i.11] IEC 62264 (all parts): "Enterprise-control system integration".

Acknowledgements

The editors would like to thank the ETSI SmartM2M technical committee for providing guidance and expertise.

Also, many thanks to the ETSI staff and all other current and former active Participants of the ETSI SmartM2M group for their support, technical input and suggestions that led to improvements to this ontology.

Also, special thanks goes to the ETSI SmartM2M Technical Officer Guillemin Patrick for his help.

This documentation page was generated automatically using SPARQL-Generate, developed by Maxime Lefrançois. The SAREF public portal, the SAREF sources with continuous integration and deployment, the SAREF Pipeline software, and ETSI Technical Specification TS 103 673 v1.1.1 "SAREF Development Framework and Workflow, Streamlining the Development of SAREF and its Extensions", have been developed in the context of the ETSI STF 578, which followed the ETSI STF 556.